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'Baby Château' rose References
Book  (Apr 1993)  Page(s) 36.  
Floribunda, red shaded garnet, 1936, ('Château'; 'Baby Vougeot'); 'Aroma' x ('Eva' x 'Ami Quinard'); Kordes.
Book  (1978)  Page(s) 120.  
'Baby Château'  Medium     Crimson     Remontant  P1  H3
The  name refers to 'Château de Clos Vougeot, that darkest of red roses from Pernet-Ducher; 'Baby' refers to the flowers rather than the growth, and has been omitted as misleading by some. This introduction of 1936 was not of itself a great rose; indeed it was described by its breeder as a 'lame duck'. In spite of this, it proved to be the parent that transmitted to  modern roses those fiery scarlet geranium colours, which perhaps have proved more arresting than restful. It is, therefore, one of the more important roses, even though its value in the garden was low. It was bred by Wilhelm Kordes, and was  crimson, with no hint of the fires beneath. 
There can be little doubt  that the vivid vermilion scarlet was inherited from Polyantha roses, among which it first appeared in the sport 'Gloria Mundi' ; but that and other similar sports did not transmit the colour to their progeny, probably because their sporting affected only their exterior cells, and not the interior ones where the sexual activity occurs. However the parentage of 'Baby Château' reveals that Polyantha enters into it, being 'Aroma x (Robin Hood'   x  'Ami Quinard' ).
'Aroma' and 'Ami Quinard'  were red Hybrid Teas, the former from  Cants and the latter, a very dark one, from Charles Mallerin.  'Robin Hood' was called a Hybrid Musk, although  in reality it is a Polyantha, and was only excluded from that class by its size, because people thought Polyanthas should be dwarf, Its pollen parent was the crimson Polyantha, 'Miss Edith Cavell'. To complete the link with 'Baby Château's' namesake, Mallerin had used a rose bred from 'Château de Clos Vougeot' when he raised Arni Quinard'.  
Such is the account given by Wilhelm Kordes in the Rose Annual 1953, but he apparently gave Modern Roses a different parentage, by substituting 'Eva' for 'Robin Hood'.  Should that be correct, it merely places 'Robin Hood' one generation back, for it was a parent of 'Eva'. One boon which either 'Eva' or 'Robin Hood' might be thanked for, was that 'Baby Château' passed to her progeny an excellent standard of health.
Book  (1975)  Page(s) 68.  
One should, at this stage, deal with a new and brilliant colouring, possibly due to the new pelargonidin which Kordes attributes to his 'Baby Chateau' (1936). Certainly since that time the cinnabar colouring has appeared in many...
Book  (1968)  Page(s) 25.  
Aus einem 'Eva'- X 'Ami Quinard'-Sämling und der roten TH 'Aroma' entstand die züchterisch wichtige rote PH 'Baby Château' (Kordes 1936), die an der Entstehung verschiedner anderer Rosen beteiligt war..

The red hybrid Pernetiana 'Baby Chateau' (Kordes 1936), which is important for breeding and was involved in the origination of several other roses, resulted from a seedling of 'Eva' x 'Ami Quinard' and the red HT 'Aroma'.
Book  (1958)  Page(s) 21.  
Baby Château (Château). F. (Kordes, '36.) Aroma X (Robin Hood X Ami Quinard). Bud ovoid, crimson; fl. large, dbl., fragrant, red shaded garnet; cluster. Fol. glossy, bronzy. Very vig., bushy.
Book  (1953)  Page(s) 118.  
Wilhelm Kordes, Holstein, Germany. My dear Mr. Editor, you are asking for something I cannot give. None of my Roses is a "Masterpiece. 'Orange Triumph', 'Crimson Glory', 'Geheimrat Duisberg' and a good many others all have their faults.......but long before that Mallerin gave us 'Ami Quinard'. The pollen from this gave me a near black but badly burning seedling with 'Robin Hood' (Pemberton's) as seed parent. the pollen from this again on to long forgotten 'Aroma' gave me Baby Chateau and here the story begins. 'Baby Chateau' is sometimes a beauty, but most times unsatisfactory, but as it is with mankind, a good soul may rest in the heart of even a loser in a beauty contest - so it is with this Rose. It gave to the Rose world the fiery cinnabar and scarlet hues that are more and more coming into our gardens..... so perhaps 'Baby Chateau is my real "Masterpiece".
Magazine  (Jun 1951)  Page(s) 2. trimester, p. 58.  
[From the article "Le Rosier sur la Côte d'Azur", by Joseph Baccialone, Ingénieur Horticole, Chef de Service des Jardins de la Ville d'Antibes, pp. 46-59]
Les polyanthas aux petites fleurs en bouquet sont gracieux et intéressants. Et pour ce groupe c'est dans les nouveautés que l'on trouve des variétés du plus grand intérêt décoratif. Par exemple : — Baby Château, rouge cramoisi.
Magazine  (Jun 1948)  Page(s) 2. trimester, p.25.  
Pseudo-Polyanthas non issus de Rosa multiflora x chinensis, fleurs en corymbes ....
Baby Château, Aroma X (Eva Ami Quinard); Arbuste buissonnant.
Book  (1947)  Page(s) 102.  
BABY CHÂTEAU (Hybrid polyantha) bears its clustered heads of large double dark-crimson flowers upon strong upright and branching plants, with varnished bronze-green ample foliage.
Kordes 1936. Deciduous. Vigorous. Slightly fragrant....June-September. Hardy.
Website/Catalog  (1945)  Page(s) 23.  
'Baby Chateau'. Semi-double, slightly fragrant blooms of deep velvety crimson. The colour is particularly brilliant but liable to burn in hot weather.
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